Capital Cities

Capital cities hold significant importance in the global landscape, serving as the political, economic, and cultural hubs of their respective countries. They represent the heart and soul of a nation, embodying its identity and aspirations.

National capitals are not merely administrative centers but symbolize the governance and sovereignty of a country. They house governmental institutions, embassies, and international organizations, playing a crucial role in diplomacy and national security.

A country’s choice of capital city reflects its historical legacy, geographic location, and political dynamics. Whether situated inland like Brasília or coastal like Wellington, capital cities are strategically positioned to foster national unity and development.


  1. What is the oldest capital city in the world?
    The title of the oldest continuously inhabited capital city belongs to Damascus, Syria, dating back over 11,000 years.

  2. How many capital cities are there in the world?
    There are 195 countries in the world, each with its capital city, totaling 195 capitals.

  3. Which capital city has the highest population?
    Tokyo, the capital of Japan, is the most populous city in the world, with over 37 million residents in its metropolitan area.

  4. Why are capital cities important?
    Capital cities serve as the administrative, political, and cultural centers of their respective countries, playing a vital role in governance, diplomacy, and national identity.

  5. Are all capital cities located inland?
    No, while some capital cities are inland, like Brasília in Brazil, others are coastal, such as Wellington in New Zealand. The location of a capital city varies depending on historical, geographical, and strategic factors.